Patellofemoral pain is defined as pain behind and around the patella, otherwise known as the knee cap, and tends to be caused by an increased pressure or stress applied to the patellofemoral joint (PFJ). PFJ syndrome seems to initiate due to a number of factors, normally a result from an interaction between intrinsic anatomy and external training factors.
The pain often occurs due to 3 main reasons:
=> Abnormal forces applied to the patella
=> Prolonged repetitive compression of the PFJ such as sitting from prolonged periods
=> Excessive shearing between the patella and the femur
PFJ syndrome seems to be more common in adolescents and young adults, but it can affect all ages. It tends to be diagnosed more frequently in people actively participating regularly in sports.
Potential factors exposing people to PFJ syndrome are:
=> Overuse of the knee
=> Poor alignment of the knee, especially when partaking in sporting activity
=> Foot pathology or problems, such as pes planus (flat feet)
=> Joint hypermobility
=> Poor muscular strength/endurance surrounding the associated hip and knee
PFJ syndrome can be diagnosed by your Physiotherapist, via several specific questions and numerous physical tests. Management of this includes a combination approach, including strength and conditioning, mobilisations, manipulation, gait re-education and sport specific analysis.
What can you do at home?
=>Wear supportive trainers that compliment your foot biomechanics
=>Avoid periods of prolonged sitting
Does any of this sound familiar? If so contact our team for an initial consultation now!